The Life and Times of Stephen Wolfram: A Scrapbook

1950s and 1960s
1959:Born August 29 in London, England
1967–1972:Dragon School, Oxford
1968–1976:Won various prizes for English, science, math, etc.
1972:Won scholarship to Eton College
1972–1976:King's Scholar, Eton College
1972–1973:Wrote unpublished book on particle physics
1973:Started programming Elliott 903C computer
1973:Did first scientific computer experiments
1974:Wrote first scientific paper
1975:Published first scientific paper
1975:Won scholarship to Oxford University
1976:Worked in Theory Division, Rutherford Laboratory
1976:Published second scientific paper
1976:Started using ARPANET and algebraic computation systems
1976–1978:Attended Oxford University St. John's College
1977:Placed top in university examinations
1977:Worked in Theoretical High-Energy Physics Group, Argonne National Laboratory
1977:Wrote classic paper on heavy quark production in QCD
1978:Discovered early connections between cosmology and particle physics
1978:Moved to Caltech
1978:Invented Fox–Wolfram variables for analysis of event shapes in particle physics
1979:Discovered Politzer–Wolfram upper bound on masses of quarks in the Standard Model
1979:Published tenth scientific paper
1979:PhD in theoretical physics from Caltech
1979:Began development of SMP
1979–1982:Developed standard QCD approach to simulation of particle events
1980:Described basic phenomenon of inflationary cosmology
1980–1981:Carried out first complete calculation of matter-antimatter asymmetry generation
1981:Began work on cellular automata
1980–1982:Faculty member at Caltech
1981:First version of SMP released
1981:Won MacArthur Prize Fellowship
1981:Founded Computer Mathematics Corporation (later merged into Inference Corporation)
1981:Published twenty-fifth scientific paper
1982:Wrote landmark paper "Statistical Mechanics of Cellular Automata"
1982:Discovered fractal structure of binomial coefficients mod a prime
1981–1986:Consultant on science and technology to many organizations
1982:Coined the term "complex systems research"
1983–1986:Long-term member of Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
1983:Discovered Wolfram classification of cellular automata
1983:Developed algebraic formalism for additive cellular automata
1984:Invented regular language complexity
1984:Discovered computational irreducibility
1985:Published fiftieth scientific paper
1985:Published "Undecidability and Intractability in Theoretical Physics"
1985:Published "Origins of Randomness in Physical Systems"
1985:Invented a cellular automaton-based system for cryptography
1985:Invented a cellular automaton approach to fluid dynamics
1986:Worked on the development of languages for massively parallel computers
1986:Founded the Center for Complex Systems Research
1986:Joined the University of Illinois as Professor of Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science
1986:Began development of Mathematica
1987:Founded the journal Complex Systems
1987:Founded Wolfram Research, Inc.
1988:Ended active position at University of Illinois
1988:First edition of The Mathematica Book published
1988:Mathematica Version 1.0 released (June 23)
1989:Mathematica available on more than 10 computer platforms
1989:1000 technical papers cite Wolfram's 1983 cellular automaton paper
1990:100,000 users of Mathematica
1990:Wolfram Research reached $10M in annual revenue
1990:Completed second edition of The Mathematica Book
1990:Wolfram Research Europe founded
1990:Wolfram Research reached 100 employees
1991:Second edition of The Mathematica Book published
1991:Mathematica Version 2.0 released
1991:38-city international lecture tour
1991:Began work on A New Kind of Science (NKS)
1991–1992:Wrote NKS Chapter 2: "The Crucial Experiment"
1992:Wrote NKS Chapter 3: "The World of Simple Programs"
1992–1993:Wrote NKS Chapter 4: "Systems Based on Numbers"
1992–1993:Wrote NKS Chapter 6: "Starting from Randomness"
1993:Wrote NKS Chapter 5: "Two Dimensions and Beyond"
1993:Wolfram Research reached 200 employees
1994:Wolfram Research Asia founded
1994:The Mathematica Book published in Japanese and German
1994:10,000 technical papers cite Wolfram's work
1994:Cellular Automata and Complexity: Collected Papers published
1994–1995:Wrote early sections of NKS Chapter 8: "Implications for Everyday Systems"
1994–1995:Wrote NKS Chapter 7: "Mechanisms in Programs and Nature"
1995:Wolfram Media, Inc. founded
1995:The Mathematica Book published in French
1995:Over a million users of Mathematica
1995:Wrote NKS Chapter 11: "The Notion of Computation"
1995–1998, 2001:Wrote NKS Chapter 9: "Fundamental Physics"
1996:Complex Systems began tenth year of publication
1996:Third edition of The Mathematica Book published
1996:Mathematica Version 3.0 released
1997:Wrote later sections of NKS Chapter 8: "Implications for Everyday Systems"
1998:Ten years of Mathematica celebrated
1998–1999:Wrote NKS Chapter 10: "Processes of Perception and Analysis"
1999:Fourth edition of The Mathematica Book published
1999:Mathematica Version 4.0 released
1999–2001:Wrote NKS Chapter 12: "The Principle of Computational Equivalence"
2001:webMathematica released
2001:Finished NKS Chapter 1: "The Foundations for a New Kind of Science"
2002:A New Kind of Science released (May 14)
2002:A New Kind of Science becomes a bestseller
2002:Over 200 major news articles about A New Kind of Science website launched
2002–2003:50-city lecture tour
2003:Fifth edition of The Mathematica Book
2003:Mathematica Version 5.0 released
2003:First NKS Conference
2003:First NKS Summer School
2004:A New Kind of Science available online
2005:500 technical papers cite A New Kind of Science
2005:WolframTones website launched
2006:Wolfram Computable Data Initiative launched
2007:Wolfram Demonstrations Project launched
2007:Mathematica reaches 2500 built-in functions and objects
2007:"Mathematica Reinvented": Mathematica 6 released
2007:Wolfram 2, 3 Turing Machine Prize announced and won
2007:Wolfram Research celebrates 20 years
2008:20 years of Mathematica celebrated
2008:Mathematica 7 released
2009:Wolfram|Alpha Blog launched
2009:Wolfram|Alpha launched
2009:Wolfram|Alpha mobile app released
2010:Mathematica 8 released
2010:Stephen Wolfram Blog launched
2010:Touch Press founded
2011:Computable Document Format (CDF) released
2011:First 30 Wolfram apps produced
2012:Wolfram|Alpha Pro launched
2012:NKS 10th anniversary
2012: Mathematica 9 released
2013:25 years of Mathematica celebrated
2014:Wolfram Connected Devices Project launched
2014:Wolfram Language introduced
2014:Wolfram Cloud launched
2014:Mathematica 10 released
2014:Mathematica Online released
2015:Wolfram Data Drop released
2015:Image Identification Project launched
2016:Wrote An Elementary Introduction to the Wolfram Language
2016:Wolfram Programming Lab released
2016:Launched the Wolfram Open Cloud
2016:Wrote Idea Makers: Personal Perspectives on the Lives & Ideas of Some Notable People
2016:Launched Version 11 of Mathematica and the Wolfram Language
2017:Wolfram|One launched
2017:Wolfram Data Repository introduced
2017:Second edition of An Elementary Introduction to the Wolfram Language
2017:NKS 15th anniversary

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